What is a liquidating dividend

Instead, the liability reduces the amount realized by the shareholder.

If the property distributed is worth less than the amount of the liability itself, the FMV of the property is treated as no less than the amount of the liability (Sec. The assumption of a contingent or unknown liability is disregarded in determining the property’s FMV. A corporation, whether it uses the cash or accrual basis, may have earned income that it has not collected before the liquidation takes place.

331 for the difference between the FMV and the shareholder’s basis in the stock).

As a result, the tax consequences of a subsequent sale of the assets by the shareholder should be minimal. The corporation is treated as selling the distributed assets for FMV to its shareholders, with the resulting corporate-level tax consequences.

If the stock is a capital asset in the shareholder’s hands, the transaction qualifies for capital gain or loss treatment.

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Regular dividends are paid out of a company's retained earnings or the earnings it has accumulated every year since it has been in operation.

Let's examine the impact of this dividend payment on Sharon.On May 1, the company declares a dividend of .00 per share on the company's 200,000 shares outstanding.The total dividend is: = .00 x 200,000 shares = 0,000 The total dividend will be 0,000.But if the amount of the receivable that the shareholder ultimately collects differs from the amount that the corporation distributed, the shareholder recognizes gain or loss for the differences in the amounts reported and collected. Observation: The current reduction of the maximum tax rate on capital gains and on qualifying dividends to 15% through 2012 somewhat mitigates the traditional preference for a sale or exchange transaction (e.g., a Sec. However, under current law, distributions made after 2012 will be taxed at higher capital gain and dividend rates.A distribution is treated as one made in complete liquidation of a corporation if it is one in a series of distributions in redemption of all the stock of the corporation pursuant to a plan of liquidation (Sec. As a result, all the distributions necessary to effect a complete liquidation of a corporation do not have to take place on the same date or even in the same year. 80-177 raises the issue of the constructive receipt of assets by shareholders when a corporation adopts a plan of liquidation and the shareholders are entitled to a liquidation distribution at any time after a certain date. Therefore, taxpayers should consider making the final distribution before 2013. A shareholder may claim a loss on a series of distributions only in the year the loss is definitely sustained.

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However, the IRS has stated that a shareholder that assumes such a liability will receive capital loss treatment when the liability is ultimately paid by the shareholder (Rev. The corporation recognizes gain or loss for the receivable when it distributes the receivable to the shareholder.

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